By 1860 NC was still one of the most rural states. Soon a swarm of young men would appear from the countryside to volunteer for military service and would be sent to one of the larger towns for outfitting and training before riding the rail cars to VA in defence of NC from an invading army that was surely going to march south through VA and NC to get at the seceeded area of SC where military action had been sparked.
What happened was that in 1861 as the war fever rose all thought surely that Lincoln would send his ships to SC and that he would march troops overland to quell the Indepence of the seceeded republic.
NC did send troops to shore up coastal defenses and stand guard. But they did not expect the ships full of troops to enter the sound side of the outer banks and seal off coastal land areas.
Look at the map to see where the ships and troops of Lincoln were in early 1861.
Questions for you: Where were your ancestors on the map in 1860? and in 1870? Were your ancestors among the tens of thousands of war refugees?
If you were Governor of NC in 1860 what would you do to prepare for war and where would you send your troops to defend the state (soon to be republic) from northern invasion by Lincoln's federalized army?
After you consider those questions please consider forgiving my lack of spelling and grammar.
Join this Blog today.
The last actual personality known to have performed as a body servant, in the usual sense of the term, for the C.S.A. was Hamptonville, Yadkin County, North Carolina's Uncle Teen; Blackburn. His place in American and Confederate history is solid, for he was for over nine months the Old North State's lone surviving Confederate veteran following the demise of Samuel N. Bennett of Relief,NC, who had served as a youthful private in Company K, 25th North Carolina infantry, and died March 8, 1951, at age 100 years, 10 months, and 4 days.
Born April 26, 1842,
It is believed that at times Teen helped a number of other soldiers of the 38th
The families there were ever after highly appreciative of Teen's own contributions. Perhaps Uncle Teen's favorite story of all was of the time he took up a sword, drew it against an oncoming Yankee, and thus surely saved the life of Captain Blackburn at Second Manassas. With peace restored, Teen found work on farms.
Soon, however, he began carrying the mails by foot, from Hamptonville to
In the meantime, while still a young man, he had married Lucy Carson of Hamptonville. They raised four sons and three daughters and shared some seventy matrimonial years. Their home was on the north-south Statesville-Elkin highway near Hamptonville. He lived in Haptonville for over a century. It is said that Teen Blackburn walked daily to Mr. G.C. Wallace's Store, which Teen called “town”; to pick up his newspaper, The Yadkin Ripple, and sometimes to buy a plug of tobacco. He also enjoyed reading The Progressive Farmer magazine. It is also said that his children repaid their father's labors by becoming upstanding citizens: schoolteachers, principals, mail carriers, one becoming a policeman in
One of the great centers of their lives was
This truth is reflected in what Lewis S. Brumfield, a genealogical researcher of Yadkinville, came across recently: Teen's 1941 income tax return, whereon he listed his occupation as Confederate Soldier (Retired). Having been a body servant, Uncle Teen qualified for a Class B Confederate (state) pension of $26.26 monthly. At least
A devoted Christian and of jolly disposition, Uncle Teen was one of the
[Source: Selected Correspondence - The Black Confederate Experience from Forgotten Confederates: An Anthology about Black Southerners, Compiled and Edited by Charles Kelly Barrow, J.H. Segars and R.B. Rosenburg; Journal of Confederate History Series Vol. XIV Copyright 1995 Southern Heritage Press Post Office Box 347163 Atlanta, Georgia 30334; Teen Blackburn38th North Carolina
The UNC Library has kindly allowed me to browse the various collections this morning, once again, in search of pearls. Here is one!:
Within the plain blue covers of the April,1861 issue of the University Magazine (published by UNC students of the Dialectic and Philanthropic Societies) this call for patriots:
" Sound your bugles--mount your horses,
Hasten to the battle field
There to strew a thousand corpses
Ere our dearest rights we yield.
Hear ye not the tumult rising
From the gory field afar
Where our comrades, freedom prizing,
Brave their foes in direful war?
. . . As a band of brothers brave,
Though a Union's ties we sever,
We must die or Freedom have."
In rapid short order 376 students answered the call and went to the field. So many left that the remaining students petitioned president Swain* to close the university, but it was kept open throughout the war. Six of the fourteen faculty members volunteered, the rest being clergymen or too old for service.
In 1864 there were only nine seniors in a class that had numbered sixty-eight four years earlier. Of these, two had seen hard service in the army, two had enlisted, two had substitutes, one was under age and one was permanently disabled. Five of the fifteen members of the junior class were killed in action, and sixteen out of twenty-four men in the sophomore class joined the army.
The tablets in Memorial Hall remind us of the 312 students and alumni who were killed or died in service in the Confederate Army. All together 1,062 Carolina men fought under the Stars and Bars. [*David L. Swain, governor of North Carolina from 1832 to 1835, and president of the University of North Carolina from 1835 to 1868]
Those boys and men were on a path of knowledge for use to better mankind. They were scholars overseeing only themselves as they taught and studied. Still, they forsook their own future and fortune to stop armed encroachments to this fair and free land of North Carolina - their homeland, and now it is mine and yours still fairer than any other land even if less free.
Welcome Y'all! This is your opportunity to come in and share what you know and ask about what you don't know.
What makes this the best blog on the CW in NC history is our commitment to writing essays, with source notes where needed, in a review of North Carolina's part in the War Between the States (hereinafter: WBTS) and it will take us about five years to complete this review.
For those who only have one term or semester to study our subject of the WBTS in NC - we will offer you a compressed quick run of the 'late unpleasentness'. You may have to ask for that, though.
Unfettered by the textbooks and bounds of college quads and school classrooms we are going to get into the real history, much of which still lives. If you don't like the study of history as presented in the bland textbook variety from school or college - then you are not alone.
The most interesting (yes: "interesting") of histories is those told by the people who were there as participants or spectators of events as they unfolded and who wrote them down or passed on to their families by oral histories. Such is the case with the history of the War Against Southern Independence. (There are as many names for the war as there are stories of those who lived and died during the war of 1861-1865).
If we 'right' any of the 'wrongs' done to the history of NC and it's people then society is served and our goal in sight.
A big Thank You goes out to the NCSCV for their diligence in preservation of history and the sharing of knowledge freely.